The homeland of blueberries is North America. The Vaccinium blueberry is a relatively young fruit species. It was introduced to cultivation in the 20th century. The first selections of wild blueberries took place in America in the years 1906-1910. The commercial varieties are a result of crossing the species Vaccinium corymbosum L., Vaccinium angustifolium Aiton, V. australe Small, V. darrowii Camp, V. elliottii Champ et al. The first breeding work started in 1937 by George Darrow, Don Scott and Arlen Draper, who created the largest breeding program under the patronage of the US Department of Agriculture (USDA-ARS).

Gradually, thanks to direct cooperation with state experimental stations and owners of blueberry plantations, blueberry breeding expanded to 13 States, and the highbush blueberry became one of the main fruit plants in the United States. In the 1990s and early In 2000, there was a sharp increase in production even in regions where blueberries had not been cultivated before.

The cultivation acreage in the world has increased 2.5-3 times in the last 15-20 years. Several factors contributed to it: growing consumer demand driven by interest in health properties, technical and technological developments extending the scope of commercial cultivation, improved fruit storage technologies.
It was also the result of breeding works in various regions of the world, which respond to the needs of the local climatic conditions of the world and dedicated special varieties with appropriate cooling requirements and resistance to frost (Northern and Southern type). This caused revolutionary changes in the cultivation and management of plantations, thanks to which blueberries are grown even in places where it seemed impossible a few years ago.

There are at least 34 breeding programs all over the world, including 12 in the USA, 3 in Chile and 2 in Australia, Belarus, Canada, China, New Zealand, Great Britain, and in Poland, Italy, Romania, Germany and Spain.

Niwa Hodowla Roślin Jagodowych Sp. z o.o. has been carrying out breeding work since the beginning of its activity. The selection work and the evaluation of clones led to the selection of creatures that are propagated and will be commercially evaluated.